The Command Prompt is the command-line interpreter provided by Microsoft for Windows systems and is the not-as-powerful equivalent of the shell in Linux and Mac OS. It can be accessed by going to 'run' and typing 'cmd.exe' or by running a 'Batch file'.
The Task Manager is an application built into Windows that allows for the managing running processes as well as providing information about computer performance.
It can be accessed by any of the following ways:
The Device Manager is an application built into Windows that allows for the management of device drivers. It can be accessed from the Control Panel.
The Registry Editor allows users to edit the Windows registry. It can be accessed by going to 'run' and typing 'Regedit.exe'.
A Blue Screen of Death (a.k.a BSOD or Bluescreen) is an error screen that Windows produces when it encounters an error that it cannot recover from.
DirectX is a collection of APIs for Windows that allows programs to interact directly with hardware.
The .NET Framework is a software framework for Windows that is required for games built in .NET-aware languages (such as C# or Visual Basic), including those that use XNA. Different games may require different versions of .NET Framework. A list with download links to all versions may be found on MSDN. Windows 8 and 10 users may want to read this.
DLL stands for "Dynamic Link Library". DLL files (.dll) are Windows exclusive library files containing code and data that can be used over several applications.
While they can save time for developers, these files can cause problems for the end-user (commonly referred to as "DLL Hell").
The Game Bar (⊞ Win+G) allows easy capture recording of gameplay screenshots and video while playing a game and is enabled by default in Windows 10. Unfortunately, some games suffer from sporadic but severe FPS drops when the bar is enabled.
Previous Windows of versions included a compatible version of secdrv.sys for the Macrovision safedisc DRM, but Windows 10 does not, rendering games requiring SafeDisc unplayable. According to a Microsoft representative "Safedisc is not supported on Windows 10" and people will have to wait for Macrovision to come out with an updated secdrv.sys.
See Windows Store article for this and other Windows Apps related issues.
This issue actually first materialized in 8.1, unfortunately there is little more that can be done than use a DDraw wrapper:
Note: Normally Windows 8+ automatically detects if an application needs DirectPlay or other legacy components when it launches and prompts the user to install DirectPlay, but this requires a certain combination of services to be active such as the Diagnostic Policy Service which are sometimes disabled by the user.
/C start "" /D "<path-to-game>\" /AFFINITY 1 "<path-to-game>\game.exe"
imagecfg -a 0x1 game.exe
psexec -a 0 game.exe
bootcfg /raw "/3GB /userva=2048" /A /ID 1
BCDEdit /set increaseuserva 2048
reg flags "<key>" set DONT_VIRTUALIZE /reg:32
Try one of the following:
What you need: a working installation of Windows XP sp2.
Ctrate a new folder c:\temp
Copy the following files to the directory c:\temp *and* to the corrsponding vista directories:
Note: You might need to open up an "elevated" command prompt, "run as administrator", (to get write access to directories).
(*) The directory "inf" is hidden
Go to "manage network connection" (in control panel-> network). Right click your LAN adapter connection, click "install", "protocol", "Add", Do not select the IPX that is already in the list, be sure to select "have disk". Navigate to "c:\temp" and select file "netnwlnk.inf", now select "WLink IPX/SPX/NetBIOS". You will get a warning it's not verifyable, install anyway (or not..).
If you get an error message about a missing module, you forgot to copy the above files to the windows 7 directories.
Starting Windows 8.1 and later, Microsoft removed the ability to change the default MIDI device, at least officially
Go to: "HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Drivers32"
Then open "midimapper" and replace "midimap.dll" with "VirtualMIDISynth\VirtualMIDISynth.dll"
Use the CoolSoft MIDIMapper or KaleidonKep99's (A.K.A. Riccardo Loi) ReactOS MIDI Mapper (no longer availible).
This happened after the November 2015 update on Nvidia video cards that do not support DirectX 12 hardware features. Issue was resolved with Windows update KB3140743.
Ensure Windows 10 is Version 1511 or later (run winver from the start menu search box to verify). The update can be installed through Windows Update (if listed) or manually from Get Windows 10.
For modern versions of Windows (both 32-bit and 64-bit), it is recommended to use DOSBox.